BURUNDI: Force Field Analysis


 INTERNATIONAL             REGIONAL                     STATE     LOCAL
 Because of Burundi’s participation in peacekeeping operations in Somalia, the Somali terrorist organization al-Shabaab has threatened to conduct terror attacks in Burundi. It may also target U.S. interests.https://step.state.gov/STEP/pages/common/travelInfo.aspx   
   Low-level political violence persists;
the areas of Bujumbura Rural, Makamba,
 Rumonge, and the area neighboring the
Kibira forest are of particular concern.https://step.state.gov/STEP/pages/
common/travelInfo.aspx
 
   Crime, often committed by groups of armed bandits or street children, poses the highest risk for foreign visitors to both Bujumbura and Burundi in general. Exchanges of gunfire and grenade attacks are common even in densely populated urban areas 
   U.S. citizens should stay indoors, in a ground floor interior room, if gunfire or explosions occur nearby. Common crimes include muggings, burglaries, robberies, and carjackings. Visitors should keep vehicle doors locked and windows up, and be careful when stopped in heavy traffic, due to the threat of robbery. The U.S. Embassy has received reports of armed criminals ambushing vehicles, particularly on the roads leading out of Bujumbura. The U.S. Embassy prohibits U.S. government personnel from walking on the streets after dark and from using local public transportation at any time 
    
    

INTERNATIONAL:

Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

The Secretary-General of the International Telecommun-ication Union (ITU), Dr. Hamadoun I. Touré 

UN Information Centre (UNIC) in Bujumbura:  http://bujumbura.unic.org/

UN Women’s Executive Director, UN Woman Office

Fifteen UN Agency Representatives from UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNAIDS, WFP, WHO, UNWOMEN, ILO and BNUB (UN Office in Burundi) attended. 

NATIONAL:


First Lady of Burundi, Mrs. Denise Nkurunziza. 

 FNL

Crime: http://www.africanews.com/site/Crime_in_Bujumbura/list_messages/13294   Economy linked to crime
democratic government in 2005

Economy: subsistence agriculture

Population (2009): 8,303,330.

Location: Central Africa. Bordering nations--Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda.
Area: 27,830 sq. km. (10,747 sq. mi.); about the size of Maryland.
Cities: Capital--Bujumbura (pop. 300,000). Other cities--Cibitoke, Rumonge, Nyanza-Lac, Muyinga, Ngozi, Bubanza, Gitega.

Ethnic groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%; Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%; Twa (Pygmy) 1.0%.
Religions: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic 65%-70%, Protestant 10%-15%, indigenous beliefs, Muslim less than 5%.
Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English.http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2821.htm

Administrative subdivisions: 17 provinces including Bujumbura, 129 communes.
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